Knowledge is a tree, not a conclusion, and it has been a tree for all of time. Sometime, however, it verboten in the Bible with a didactic “tale” apparently by oligarchs telling the average religious person to view the tree of knowledge and its information as verboten. This is the beginning of the limits and control of information necessary for oligarchic dominance, as opposed to capital-type control which is more commodity-based --though information is now a commodity as “intellectual property.” (With “intellectual” being a strong word for the slurry capital pumps into the population.)
The most important extension of this type of information control currently exists as academia with its early revival of control as the dialectic and didactic by academy founders Socrates and Plato in ancient Athens, and recently by Hegel to fit current capital. Important is that these instructors specifically used sexual abuse to control, which survived to our time as, for instance, the Aboriginal residence schools openly, and covertly elsewhere.
Causality is a rational reduction of the complexity of life saying that “if something happens in relation to something else, that something else caused the first thing.” As a rational reduction, it is a “dumbing-down” of all the highly sophisticade life-system that affect us. Knowledge is naturally structured both in society and in our minds in tree structures, also called “complex data structures” Personally, I have never been “causal” (I believe) because I have been influenced by aboriginal knowledge organization, and also abstract art and music early on as a child with access to all of New York’s museums and libraries (access has since been restricted to children.)
If I something is unavoidably causal, I say “simple math” --this causes that, w/o making a bid deal about it.
Empiricism is the scientific method (and system) built from causality and is considered the only (measurement) science, even by scientist who should know better. It suffers from being highly-fractured, as it is built from independent causal conclusions that also tend to be ego-vehicles from empiricist scientists. Another widely-misused term is “objective” as a synomym for “cruel” such that normal human thinking, such as the recollection of experiences, is excluded from empiricist conclusions; only empiricist numbers are used, often as an output of highly-purposed statistical systems. Dependance on statistics is such that statistics now often produce hypothesis and theory, that is validated by the same statistical systems. Information from other sources such as experience and observation, no matter how detailed, cannot test well against conclusive information produced specifically to test well by statistical systems. This statistical reality is most true for current control of the mind (both human and animal) in cognitive-behavioral strategies of CBT. Interestingly, in CBT, the dialectic method as the socratic method is also key for (as they say) “thought control.”
Objectivism, such as Ayn Rand’s and (current-capital’s) Adam Smith’s objectivism simply “objectify’s” people to make then inanimate numbers rather than feeling people to allow for capital exploitation. As it happens, capital-supporting empiricism, as info-oligarchic, also leverages this, and fills its capital-supportive role by defining and maintaining it as its own from of exploitation, originally sexual abuse.
Sunday, October 14, 2012
One study shows that craving was a withdrawal symptom, and that it can, under certain circumstances, prevent a user from stopping use (Ehlers, Gizer, Vieten & Wilhelmsen, 2010), which is a criteria for a withdrawal syndrome. Other criteria, such as tolerance and loss of social activities, are only specific to dependence.
Hasin created two groups of symptoms: "anxiety, restlessness, depression, and insomnia" and "weakness, hypersomnia, and psychomotor retardation" (Hasin, et al., 2008, para. 1). Anxiety-related symptoms, which are much more commonly cited as a withdrawal symptom, were associated in Hasin's study with panic and personality disorders. Bonn-Miller and Moos (2010) suggest that anxiety predicts long-term relapse, but does not mediate high relapse rates predicted by previous heavy use, which would probably go to the craving symptom. Therefore this research suggests that the anxiety component of withdrawal is due to another disorder, and therefore may not be contributing to marijuana withdrawal syndrome as specified in the DSM (Copeland & Swift, 2009; Preuss, Watzke, Zimmermann, Wong, Schmidt, 2010). Reuptake-inhibiting anti-depressants had no effect beyond placebo in a study that filtered preexisting psychiatric conditions from the test group, further supporting the idea that the anxiety-related symptoms either describe a separate disorder, or are too clinically insignificant to be affected by a reuptake inhibitor that reduces anxiety (Carpenter, McDowell, Brooks, Cheng, 2009).
This material supports the DSM's present assertion that there is no clinically-significant marijuana withdrawal syndrome.
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV-TR. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Bonn-Miller, M., Moos, R., (2011). Marijuana discontinuation, anxiety symptoms, and relapse to marijuana. Addictive Behaviors 34 (pp. 782–785). Retrieved February 21, 2011 from http://dionysus.psych.wisc.edu/Lit/Articles/Bonn-MillerM2009a.pdf
Carpenter, K.M., McDowell, D., Brooks, D., Cheng, W., (2009). A Preliminary Trial: Double-Blind Comparison of Nefazodone, Bupropion-SR and Placebo in the Treatment of Cannabis Dependence. American Journal of Addiction. 18(1). (pp 53-64).
Copeland, J. & Swift, W. (2009). Cannabis use disorder: epidemiology and management. International Review of Psychiatry. 21(2) (pp. 96-103).
Hasin, D., Keyes, K., Alderson, D., Wang, S., Aharonovich, E. & Grant, B. (2008). Cannabis withdrawal in the United States: results from NESARC. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 69(9). (pp. 1354-63).
Preuss, U.W, Watzke, A.B., Zimmermann, J., Wong, J.W., Schmidt, C.O. (2010). Cannabis withdrawal severity and short-term course among cannabis-dependent adolescent and young adult inpatients. Drug and Alcohol Dependency 106(2-3) (pp. 133-41).
It is widely known that antidepressants are extremely effective for depression. It is also widely reported in clinical studies that placebos are nearly as effective, typically 10 to 15% behind the medications being tested; this placebo effect has grown in recent years (Hougaard, 2010). This phenomena has raised speculation as to why this occurs and critical inquiry into the effectiveness of antidepressants (DeMarco, 1998). Strictly speaking, a placebo is an inert version of a medication (or other therapy), but the placebo is not necessarily inert. Extending this is an inquiry into psychotherapy: perhaps psychotherapy is, in a sense, a placebo for the supports provided by family and society for those suffering from depression.
An attempt to lower the placebo effect is the use of a run-in phase, or test, to find and eliminate participants who respond to placebos (Hougaard, 2010). But a meta-study found that studies that used a run-in phase were not significantly different from those that didn't. Some find fault in the nature of antidepressant efficacy trials, showing that a majority of the depressed would not qualify to participate in the trials (Zimmerman, 2005). Eliminating factors include comorbid anxiety, previous episodes, a possibility of suicide, or social impairments.
Two likely explanations for the placebo effect are an expectation for improvement by participants (that may be supported by industry advertising), and that the interaction between participants and clinicians initiates a healing phase (Hagen, 2010). Explanations like these imply that efficacy trials themselves are therapy, and for this reason, psychotherapy should first be attempted, followed by medication. The greatest efficacy for depression combines counseling and medicine; the combination shows 15-20% improved efficacy for chronic severe depression. Counseling is the better long-term therapy as it helps prevents relapse.
There is temptation to use the placebo effect as it has fewer side effects than medications (Kirsch, 2002). But their deceptive nature inhibits their use. The best approach to the placebo effect is to attempt to understand why it is beneficial and to apply its components in ways that clients can accept.
DeMarco, C. W. (1998, June). On the impossibility of placebo effects in psychotherapy. Philosophical Psychology, p. 207. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.
Dimidjian, S., Hollon, S., Dobson, K., Schmaling, K., Kohlenberg, R., Addis, M., et al. (2006). Randomized trial of behavioral activation, cognitive therapy, and antidepressant medication in the acute treatment of adults with major depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(4), 658-670. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.74.4.658.
Hagen, B., Wong-Wylie, G., & Piji-Zieber, E. (2010). Tablets or Talk? A critical review of the literature comparing antidepressants and counseling for treatment of depression. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 32(2), 102-124. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.
Hougaard, E. (2010). Placebo and antidepressant treatment for major depression: Is there a lesson to be learned for psychotherapy?. Nordic Psychology, 62(2), 7-26. doi:10.1027/1901-2276/a000008.
Kirsch, I., Moore, T., Scoboria, A., & Nicholls, S. (2002). The emperor's new drugs: An analysis of antidepressant medication data submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Prevention & Treatment, 5(1), 23. doi:10.1037/1522-3718.104.22.1683a.
Zimmerman, M. (2005). Generalizability of antidepressant efficacy trials: Differences between depressed psychiatric outpatients who would or would not qualify for an efficacy trial. American Journal of Psychiatry 162, pp. 1370-1372, July 2005. Retrieved October 24, 2010 from http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/162/7/1370
Friday, October 12, 2012
The Meat: Metacognition and the current dialectic
- a thesis (a good idea, or abstraction)
- antithesis (good idea is attacked)
- synthesis (outcome that reverses good idea)
- executive class,
- enforcement class, and
Thanks for the questions, they really help clarify things! Hugs
No, thank you for letting me ask questions and for realizing that I am only asking them so that I can learn about metacognition and not because I'm trying to refute or minimalize it's existence. I appreciate that you are also open to me using the work of others to help me sort out in my mind that metacognition is 'like this' or ' not that'. etc.. Will you read this article I suggest 'The Obstacles of Communication Arising from Propaganda Habits'. It is located near the bottom of this webpage ..
Also I hope that you are not offended by or will discount the use of Christian Anarachy Theology because it is either decidely insignificant if you are an atheist or because it is decidely offensive due to a particular religious dogma you might have.
Btw..Jacques Ellul is my man of the hour but I am a knowledge whore and will cling to him only to the point that I find some other source of thought that attracts and intrigues more.
Is there a difference between native, indiginuos, and aboriginal? I notice youve used aboriginal a few times so I want to know what that word means to you.
It's regional -- Native in the US means aboriginal in Canada -- Native Canadians are non-immigrants. Aboriginal simply means original, according to the best mind on the topic. Saying you are a White native in the US means you are nativist which is a branch of NYC racism that died out 100 yrs ago (but sticks, metacognition) and is the theme of the movie Gangs of NY. Its academic...
Historic trauma and aboriginal healing. Wesley-Esquimaux & Smolewski http://www.ahf.ca/downloads/historic-trauma.pdf
It gets into transgenerational PTSD, but its core to me is the death of the tribes when the beaver business (London hats) caused the aboriginals to stop apologizing to the beaver for killing it (short version). Fantastic writing, I wish she, or they, would write more.
Aboriginals are universally defined as having an emotional relationship with the environment, meaning the animals are their friends and emissaries to the "creator" (in North America) which is really the entity that is the earth, sky, etc. Also, it is a United Nations charter right to "go native," so the World community does not necessarily count genetics as a factor. I write that we are all aboriginal inside as that is how we evolved.
Transgenerational PTSD...thats an intriguing new thought for me, though entirely plausable and I think evident amoung many social groups.
...the way our blame game world view is part of megacognition
most definitely -- group/world version
most call that rationalization, which links to cognition but not sense, morality, or consciousness
...rationalization or metacognition isnt linked to sense, morality, & conciousness. My understanding of MC is that it most definately is which is the whole fucking point
Nope, rationalization is the in prefrontal cortext, sense is throughout the whole body/mind, metacognition is in the prefrontal cortex and includes one part of the lymbic system -- the part that makes you complain and cuss
yeah in CBT therapy you are supposed to control emotional impulses from the lybmic system with thought control in the prefrontal cortex lymbic makes you cry, laugh, etc -- emotional intelligence occurs in the main part of the brain as does empathy.
What is CBT?
Cognitive behavioral therapy, which will become metacognitive therapy and bring metacognitive education through thought control -- TV is already there
Rational comes from latin ratio which is mathematical thinking, not very appetizing, but how it is done used to mimic reality like a play such as All in the Family or Taxi but now seeks to replace reality like CSI or documentaries, or reality TV tv is for advertising, or for the people swayed by advertisements -- nobody I know, so we are not a consideration
Oh God Help us...reality tv! But children are swayed...they can recognize logos before they can read.
Ah ha! metacognition. "Re-cognize" is a minor thought process but becomes dominant cognizance is the only interrelation for the metacogntive
the mind is made into a small percentage of its true self including -- silver linings, etc -- comfort zones.
Two words you have used that Im not fitting in the picture yet; silver linings and empathy. What do mean in the 1st and how does the 2nd play in?
well, in short, empathy is emotional communication, where sympathy is inside your head -- empathy can use the imagination to feel for others from other lands, such as starving Africans, sympathy is sort of "pooh pooh." Finding a silver lining in every bad situation, or rationalizing that you were forced to do the wrong thing because the right thing would cause problems, or "painting a pretty picture" of a person or situation so as to get that person to meet the expectation, which they may, but cannot maintain as they are not what you want but abusive assholes all metacognitions that don't even rate as fantasies because they are not in the consciousness but in the executive function part of the brain (prefrontal cortex)
In the US right now, voter suppression is the hot topic and people will talk about it being unfair to certain demogrsphics but no-one will call it racist. As a matter of fact everyone seems to preface thier statements with..Im not saying its racist. WHY? Rationalization? MC? Something else?
I am willing to bet a million dollars that the activism ITSELF iis a metacognition -- that a full disclosure of the racism and other bias is actually a pathway to furter bias of some other kind synthesized by the activists -- all that is political that is not natural, or aboriginal, is metacognitive, such that activists know that to create a new alternative (antithesis, and synthesis) they need to emulate abolitionism, animism,and animal rights: PeTA
aborignialism, not abolitionism (spell checker accident), but both work
when I was a kid I was ostracized and attacked by black kids for being a slave-owner
Did it make you resentful or did have empathy?
What make me resentful? Metacogntion is disease, pity if anything, but it has to stop as it is killing us the end date is projected at 2050