Knowledge is a tree, not a conclusion, and it has been a tree for all of time. Sometime, however, it verboten in the Bible with a didactic “tale” apparently by oligarchs telling the average religious person to view the tree of knowledge and its information as verboten. This is the beginning of the limits and control of information necessary for oligarchic dominance, as opposed to capital-type control which is more commodity-based --though information is now a commodity as “intellectual property.” (With “intellectual” being a strong word for the slurry capital pumps into the population.)

The most important extension of this type of information control currently exists as academia with its early revival of control as the dialectic and didactic by academy founders Socrates and Plato in ancient Athens, and recently by Hegel to fit current capital. Important is that these instructors specifically used sexual abuse to control, which survived to our time as, for instance, the Aboriginal residence schools openly, and covertly elsewhere.

Causality is a rational reduction of the complexity of life saying that “if something happens in relation to something else, that something else caused the first thing.” As a rational reduction, it is a “dumbing-down” of all the highly sophisticade life-system that affect us. Knowledge is naturally structured both in society and in our minds in tree structures, also called “complex data structures” Personally, I have never been “causal” (I believe) because I have been influenced by aboriginal knowledge organization, and also abstract art and music early on as a child with access to all of New York’s museums and libraries (access has since been restricted to children.)

If I something is unavoidably causal, I say “simple math” --this causes that, w/o making a bid deal about it.

Empiricism is the scientific method (and system) built from causality and is considered the only (measurement) science, even by scientist who should know better. It suffers from being highly-fractured, as it is built from independent causal conclusions that also tend to be ego-vehicles from empiricist scientists. Another widely-misused term is “objective” as a synomym for “cruel” such that normal human thinking, such as the recollection of experiences, is excluded from empiricist conclusions; only empiricist numbers are used, often as an output of highly-purposed statistical systems. Dependance on statistics is such that statistics now often produce hypothesis and theory, that is validated by the same statistical systems. Information from other sources such as experience and observation, no matter how detailed, cannot test well against conclusive information produced specifically to test well by statistical systems. This statistical reality is most true for current control of the mind (both human and animal) in cognitive-behavioral strategies of CBT. Interestingly, in CBT, the dialectic method as the socratic method is also key for (as they say) “thought control.”

Objectivism, such as Ayn Rand’s and (current-capital’s) Adam Smith’s objectivism simply “objectify’s” people to make then inanimate numbers rather than feeling people to allow for capital exploitation. As it happens, capital-supporting empiricism, as info-oligarchic, also leverages this, and fills its capital-supportive role by defining and maintaining it as its own from of exploitation, originally sexual abuse.

Tuesday, January 18, 2011

Alzheimer's and relationships

AD is most commonly diagnosed with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), which may also provide false positive results for other AD-like dementia disorders (Mahoney, 2005).  But for the 11 million Americans who provide unpaid care to family elders diagnosed with AD, the distinction is immaterial as there is no cure for these types of dementia.  Their care is valued at $144 billion in the US per year, and their stress-related suffering is such that they often feel relief with the death of their AD-affected relative (Alzheimer's Association, 2010).

While the cause of AD is known to be a dysfunction of β-amyloid peptides in the brain (Srivareerat, 2009), there is no diagnosis for AD other than cognitive testing (Mahoney, 2005).  Remarkably, autopsies of AD patients for a study by Wilson show that approximately half didn't show a peptide dysfunction, and, according to his study, loneliness was instead implicated in the AD-like cognitive loss (Wilson, 2006).

Wilson shows that loneliness may cause neural decline that leads to AD-like dementia (Wilson, 2006), and he also shows in a later study that cognitive activity can help prevent AD-like decline (Wilson, 2007).  Together, his studies suggest care and preventive strategies that family members can implement through social support.

AD patients respond well to music, especially when it elicits positive memories (Howe, 2008).  Music is recommended for cognitive rehabilitation (Thaut, 2010) and it is socially connective, making it an ideal vehicle for manifesting Wilson's suggestions.

Geist is a caregiver for her AD-afflicted father and leverages her father's musical background to elicit responses from him as he has lost many of his cognitive abilties. (Geist, 2009).  He was brought home from a nursing facility when his death seemed likely, and has since been kept from retreating with the use of music.  He continues to express music and successfully gave a public musical performance despite his significant cognitive impairment.


Alzheimer's Association. (2010). Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures. Retrieved October 29, 2010 from

Geist, M. (2009). My father's musical lifeline. Prevention, 61(4), 161-163.

Howe, E. (2008, February) Key psychosocial interventions for Alzheimer’s disease: An update. Psychiatry MMC. Retrieved October 29, 2010 from

Johns Hopkins Medicine. (2010). Alzheimer's disease.
Johns Hopkins Health Alerts, Retrieved October 29, 2010 from

Mahoney, R., Johnston, K., Katona, C., Maxmin, K., & Livingston, G. (2005). The TE4D-Cog: a new test for detecting early dementia in English-speaking populations. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20(12), 1172-1179. doi:10.1002/gps.1412.

Srivareerat, M., Tran, T., Alzoubi, K., & Alkadhi, K. (2009). Chronic psychosocial stress exacerbates impairment of cognition and long-term potentiation in β-Amyloid rat model of Alzheimer's disease. Biological Psychiatry, 65(11), 918-926. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.08.021.

Thaut, M. (2010). Neurologic music therapy in cognitive rehabilitation. Music Perception, 27(4), 281-285. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.

Wilson, R., Krueger, K., Arnold, S., Schneider, J., Kelly, J., Barnes, L., Tang, Y., Bennett, D. (2006). Loneliness and risk of alzheimer disease. Retrieved October 27, 2010 from

Wilson, R., Scherr, P., Schneider, J., Tang, Y., Bennett, D. (2007, June 27). Relation of cognitive activity to risk of developing Alzheimer disease. Neurology, 69, 1911-1920

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