Knowledge is a tree, not a conclusion, and it has been a tree for all of time. Sometime, however, it verboten in the Bible with a didactic “tale” apparently by oligarchs telling the average religious person to view the tree of knowledge and its information as verboten. This is the beginning of the limits and control of information necessary for oligarchic dominance, as opposed to capital-type control which is more commodity-based --though information is now a commodity as “intellectual property.” (With “intellectual” being a strong word for the slurry capital pumps into the population.)

The most important extension of this type of information control currently exists as academia with its early revival of control as the dialectic and didactic by academy founders Socrates and Plato in ancient Athens, and recently by Hegel to fit current capital. Important is that these instructors specifically used sexual abuse to control, which survived to our time as, for instance, the Aboriginal residence schools openly, and covertly elsewhere.

Causality is a rational reduction of the complexity of life saying that “if something happens in relation to something else, that something else caused the first thing.” As a rational reduction, it is a “dumbing-down” of all the highly sophisticade life-system that affect us. Knowledge is naturally structured both in society and in our minds in tree structures, also called “complex data structures” Personally, I have never been “causal” (I believe) because I have been influenced by aboriginal knowledge organization, and also abstract art and music early on as a child with access to all of New York’s museums and libraries (access has since been restricted to children.)

If I something is unavoidably causal, I say “simple math” --this causes that, w/o making a bid deal about it.

Empiricism is the scientific method (and system) built from causality and is considered the only (measurement) science, even by scientist who should know better. It suffers from being highly-fractured, as it is built from independent causal conclusions that also tend to be ego-vehicles from empiricist scientists. Another widely-misused term is “objective” as a synomym for “cruel” such that normal human thinking, such as the recollection of experiences, is excluded from empiricist conclusions; only empiricist numbers are used, often as an output of highly-purposed statistical systems. Dependance on statistics is such that statistics now often produce hypothesis and theory, that is validated by the same statistical systems. Information from other sources such as experience and observation, no matter how detailed, cannot test well against conclusive information produced specifically to test well by statistical systems. This statistical reality is most true for current control of the mind (both human and animal) in cognitive-behavioral strategies of CBT. Interestingly, in CBT, the dialectic method as the socratic method is also key for (as they say) “thought control.”

Objectivism, such as Ayn Rand’s and (current-capital’s) Adam Smith’s objectivism simply “objectify’s” people to make then inanimate numbers rather than feeling people to allow for capital exploitation. As it happens, capital-supporting empiricism, as info-oligarchic, also leverages this, and fills its capital-supportive role by defining and maintaining it as its own from of exploitation, originally sexual abuse.

Tuesday, January 18, 2011


Emotion and cognition are interrelated in creating meaning (Elliot & Greenberg, 2007).  People continually analyze their emotional reactions to experiences to make sense of them and to understand their environments.  This "affective-cognitive" process happens at automatic, or unconscious, levels just as it does at concious levels. 
Greenberg (2010) explains that emotion is "fundamental to the construction of self" but is "detrimental" to "self-organization."  Emotion is different from thought; it operates independently in its own sphere that includes the lymbic system and connections to the body's functioning systems including the organs and the immune system.  The limbic system has a native process that quickly produces emotion in the amygdala, and a slower complex process that combines emotion with thought through connections to the prefrontal cortex in the neocortex--where the executive function, well, executes its process.
Emotion-focused therapy (EFT) leverages emotion by attempting to substitute maladaptive, or bad, emotions with adaptive, or good ones.  Resilient people, EFT theory holds, use positive emotions to displace negative ones, and hence have better lives.  Anger, in EFT, can be adaptive or maladaptive.  In depression (where EFT is most commonly used), anger may be elicited as a response to a depression-causing emotion such as shame (perhaps caused by negative appraisal as we previously discussed), and the anger pushes out the shame because, as emotion-focused therapists believe, these two types of emotions cannot coexist.  The client will likely leave therapy feeling empowered.  When anger is maladaptive, such as in feelings of revenge, compassion is used as a substitute emotion, and the client feels soothed and, presumably, happy.
Because EFT uses a switching strategy, it is much like cognitive and behavioral therapies, except that it substitutes emotions rather than thoughts and behaviors.  It also has a speedy success rate as does CBT (Ellison, 2009), but because it is rooted in client-centered therapy, the client can naturally implement the process as part of basic self-actualization, making the process permanent.
Elliott, R., & Greenberg, L. (2007). The Essence of Process-Experiential/Emotion-Focused Therapy. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 61(3), 241-254. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.
Ellison, J., Greenberg, L., Goldman, R., & Angus, L. (2009). Maintenance of gains following experiential therapies for depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(1), 103-112. doi:10.1037/a0014653.
Greenberg, L. (2010). Emotion-focused therapy: A clinical synthesis. Retreived October 3, 2010 from

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